Experiment and code
The principle of such experiment is very simple. The voltage data is sensed by the temperature sensor LM35, which would be sent to the analog port (A0 is used in this experiment) on the Arduino board. Then the Celsius (Centigrade) temperature can be output by the linear relationship between the voltage and temperature. For example, in this experiment, we know the linear relationship for the temperature LM35 by one Celsius temperature/10mV. Thus, we can get the voltage value n from the analog port A0 connected LM35 on the Arduino board. Not that, the data n is discrete and located on the range of 0~1024. So, we should change the discrete data n into a continuous voltage to get the Celsius temperature. In fact, the computation is simple. We know that, as for the analog ports A0~A5, the value range is 0~1024, and 1024 is corresponding to 5V. Therefore, if we know the value in A0 port, then we can obtain the discrete voltage value within 0~1024; i.e., the value is n. Then, we can compute the Celsius temperature. Assume that the continue voltage in port A0 on Arduino board is denoted by U. Then, we have the following compute formula by the principle A0 and the linear relationship between Celsius temperature and the continuous voltage.
where vol is the Celsius temperature we should compute, n can be achieved from analog port A0 on the Arduino. Therefore, we can compute the continuous voltage in A0 by equation (1). Then, we substitute the U into equation (2), the Celsius temperature can thus be obtained. In addition, the value of vol (i.e., Celsius temperature) could display on the serial monitor on the Arduino software platform.